Medicinal properties of verbena

Medicinal properties of verbena

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Read the previous part. ← Verbena growing conditions

All parts of verbena officinalis contain iridoids (verbenolin, aucubin, hastatoside), steroids (sitosterol), triterpenoids (lupeol, ursolic acid), flavonoids (artemetin), essential oil, vitamins, trace elements.

Due to its unique composition and the presence of essential oil

verbena herb

it is used as a tonic, tonic and as a means of normalizing metabolism. Vervain medicinal is used for acute respiratory diseases, bronchitis, laryngitis, chronic hepatitis, cholecystitis, cholelithiasis.

It treats chronic gastritis with low gastric acid content, rheumatism, toothache and headache, pneumonia, hypotension, eczema, psoriasis, neurodermatitis, acne, scrofula, ulcers, abrasions, mumps, abscesses, exhaustion, loss of strength, anemia, liver inflammation, rabies. One of the most pronounced beneficial properties of verbena is its anti-atherosclerotic property.

Verbena officinalis cleans blood vessels from plaques of low-density cholesterol, thereby significantly improving blood circulation, reducing the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases. Verbena is used in the treatment of thrombophlebitis and thrombosis, for rheumatism and gout. In Chinese, Korean and Tibetan medicine, verbena is used as an anticancer agent. Verbena officinalis can be used in the treatment of depression, melancholy, insomnia and nervous cough.

In India, verbena preparations are used as a contraceptive. The Romans and Greeks used verbena to treat diarrhea; they chewed the root to strengthen teeth and gums. Medicinal verbena preparations are taken in the form of decoctions, infusions, alcoholic tinctures, teas, herbal preparations, lotions and ointments, lotions, compresses and baths. Similar medicinal properties have vervain spear and lemon verbena.

Verbena tea: 2 tsp Pour 200 ml of boiling water over the herbs of the plant, insist for 5 minutes, strain. Drink for fever caused by a cold or flu, for headaches and migraines, as well as for certain diseases of the intestines and stomach. It is also recommended to take it as a general tonic, for insomnia, some female diseases, increases lactation.

Infusion. 1-th option. For external use: 3 tbsp. l. Pour the crushed raw materials into a thermos, brew 0.5 liters of boiling water, leave for 3 hours, strain. Use warm.

2nd option: 1 tbsp. dry herb verbena pour 250 ml of boiling water, leave for 2 hours, drain. Take 100 ml 2-3 times a day with physical fatigue, exhaustion, lethargy.

3rd option: 2 tsp herbs pour 1 cup boiling water, leave for 1 hour, drain. Take 1 tablespoon every hour for atherosclerosis, thrombophlebitis, thrombosis, clogged veins, vein swelling.

4th option: 1 tbsp Pour the herbs of the plant with 1 glass of boiling water, leave for 20 minutes, then strain. This infusion can be used to gargle with sore throat and stomatitis, and as a lotion - for ulcers, wounds, psoriasis, eczema and various rashes.

Broth. 1st option. 1 tbsp Pour crushed raw materials with 1 glass of boiling water, heat for 30 minutes in a water bath, leave for 10 minutes, cool and strain. Drink 50 ml three times a day before meals for pneumonia, bronchitis and other colds. Also taken as a diaphoretic. To enhance the diaphoretic effect, take the infusion warm with honey.

2nd option: 1 tbsp Pour herbs with 1 glass of boiling water, heat in a water bath for 30 minutes, leave for 10 minutes, drain. Take 50 ml three times a day before meals for bronchitis, pneumonia, colds, laryngitis, tracheitis, fever, acne.

Tincture. Pour 50 g of verbena with 0.5 l of vodka. Insist for two weeks in the dark, take 25-30 drops with water twice a day 15 minutes before meals or 1.5 hours after. The course of treatment is three weeks. Take ten day breaks. Use for cleaning blood vessels. Alcohol solution (1%) is used for some forms of conjunctivitis.

Compresses. 4 tbsp. Pour herbs into a gauze bag, dip in boiling water for 30 seconds, cool to an acceptable temperature. Apply to sore spots 1-2 times a day for 40-60 minutes. Apply for rheumatism, thrombophlebitis, lymph node tumors, trophic ulcers, long non-healing wounds, fistulas, eczema, psoriasis, rashes, scrofula, furunculosis, scabies.

Verbena oil prescribed for exhaustion and loss of strength, anemia, meager and short menstruation, inflammation of the liver.

Contraindications Verbena preparations are categorically contraindicated in pregnancy, this herb causes the muscle tone of the uterus, which can lead to termination of pregnancy or premature birth. Verbena preparations are contraindicated in people with high blood pressure.

Tatiana Lybina, gardener,
Zhezkazgan, Republic of Kazakhstan
Photo by the author

Medicinal properties

The marginal flowers of the plant have healing properties. They are a source of glycosides, flavonoids, vitamins, mineral salts, alkaloids, tannins and dyes. They are collected during the flowering period, spread in a thin layer on a paper surface and dried under a canopy. The flowers must be protected from the action of sunlight, otherwise, during the drying process, the color of the petals will change from blue to white, and the raw material will lose all its useful properties. Dried flowers are stored in paper bags or glass jars for up to 2 years.

Preparations from cornflower flowers have antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, analgesic, wound healing, antibacterial effects. The plant has a choleretic, diuretic, mild laxative, diaphoretic effect.

Contraindications to use

Like other medicinal plants, verbena has some contraindications for use. These include:

  1. Pregnancy - the use of verbena can provoke an increase in the tone of the uterus.
  2. Diseases of the stomach with low acidity.
  3. Cholelithiasis.
  4. Children under the age of 14.

In addition, the individual characteristics of the organism and the possibility of developing an allergic reaction should be taken into account. To prevent the medicine from causing harm to health, you can only take it under the supervision of a doctor.

Licorice - medicinal properties and uses

Licorice - medicinal properties and uses

Smooth licorice or licorice, licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra) Is a perennial plant of the legume family with long and very hardy rhizomes.

In the wild, licorice grows in most European countries, in Western and Central Asia, in some countries in North Africa. On the Russian territory, it is found in the middle and southern regions of the country, in the North Caucasus and in Western Siberia.

It grows up to a meter in height, the stems are straight and powerful, the leaves vaguely resemble acacia leaves in shape. It blooms in June and July with pale purple flowers, the fruit is a brown bean containing three to four seeds.

Glycyrrhiza glabra translated from Latin, roughly as "sweet root". Indeed, licorice root is one of the sweetest raw materials in the world. In this respect, it surpasses even sugar, of which it is 50 times sweeter! Licorice also has other interesting properties. Its valuable extracts are used in moisturizing and protective cosmetics.

Licorice is a sweetness we underestimate

As you might guess, sugar loses to licorice in all respects. Example? While sugar causes tooth decay, licorice prevents it. In addition, licorice root has anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-ulcer, antifungal and immunomodulatory effects. Of course, sucrose does not possess any of these characteristics.

Licorice root is also of great importance in the industry, as it contains many biologically active substances. Let's find out where and why this plant is widely used.

Licorice root - a source of nutrients

Licorice smooth since ancient times it has been used as an auxiliary medicinal raw material. Most of all biologically active substances contain licorice root, the extracts of which are included in medicines, cosmetics, and also sweets.

Glycyrrhizic acid or glycyrrhizin is a saponin glycoside of glucuronic acid and glycyrrhetinic acid, which accumulates in licorice root at a concentration of 2-25%. It is glycyrrhizin that not only gives licorice a sweet taste, but also endows it with a number of other beneficial properties.

In medicine, glycyrrhizin is used as a natural sweetener and also as an adjuvant in the treatment of stomach ulcers, liver inflammation, edema and hypertension.

The cosmetic industry uses this substance to produce cosmetics with antibacterial, anti-cellulite and moisturizing properties. Due to the built-in sugar fragment, glycyrrhizin has a high moisture-binding capacity, therefore its addition to the composition of cosmetics significantly affects the intensity of water retention in the epidermis of the skin.

In addition, it supports blood microcirculation and lymph flow, reducing puffiness and eliminating water cellulite. The astringent properties of glycyrrhizin are also used in the production of cosmetics that regulate the secretion of sebum and are intended for skin with seborrhea.

The remaining active compounds found in licorice root, such as flavonoids, triterpenes, polysaccharides, mineral salts, essential oils, saponins and amino acids, make up about 40-50% of the dry weight of licorice extract in total.

Among them, flavonoids such as glabridin, glabren, gizplabrabine, liquiditin and isolivirvir are of the greatest importance. These substances have powerful antioxidant, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer properties.

Licorice protects the skin

The antioxidant in licorice root is very effective against free radicals generated by UV radiation. In other words, licorice extract counteracts the oxidative stress of the skin and, therefore, slows down the aging processes occurring in its structures.

Licorice root extracts inhibit the melanogenesis process and prevent skin hyperpigmentation and, consequently, the appearance of freckles and birthmarks.

However, unlike many popular melanogenesis inhibitors such as azelaic or kojic acid, licorice extracts do not break down melanocytes and therefore preserve the skin's protective functions from UV radiation. In addition, they do not cause skin irritation or allergies from the sun.

Licorice extracts in cosmetics

Licorice root extract is a valuable ingredient in moisturizing, anti-cellulite and sebostatic cosmetics. It is used in the manufacture of anti-aging creams, preparations for whitening and cleansing the skin, hair care products.

Medicinal use

Since ancient times, licorice has been considered as a cure for stomach and duodenal ulcers and has been used for diseases of the liver, kidneys and bladder. The plant was also supposed to act as an expectorant, helping to clear the airways. The opinion of the Greeks and Romans about licorice has survived to this day and has been confirmed by research.

Therefore, the extract of this plant can be found in many pharmaceutical preparations and food supplements that help in the treatment of respiratory tract infections, as well as improve the functioning of the digestive and urinary systems.

Nowadays, licorice root extract is also used as an adjuvant in the treatment of very serious diseases such as multiple sclerosis or adrenal cortex atrophy. This root also contains substances that effectively inhibit the growth of melanoma cells, according to researchers at the University of Minnesota.

Licorice fights tooth decay

Licorice can be successfully used for the prevention of dental caries and diseases of the oral cavity, as it has antibacterial properties and prevents the formation of tartar.

Candies are made from licorice root, and such candies with the addition of licorice can help fight tooth decay in children.

They taste like a combination of sweet gum and baby cough syrup. In the Scandinavian countries, as well as in the Netherlands and Belgium, where licorice sweets are common, children very rarely experience tooth decay.


Used as a dietary supplement and medicine, excess licorice can contribute to adverse health effects.

With too frequent and too long intake of licorice extract in any form, the glycyrrhizin contained in it can lead to hypertension, as well as hypokalemia (potassium deficiency) and associated edema.

Licorice can also cause metabolic disturbances in many drugs. As a result, a person may experience too intense their activity or increased side effects.

Licorice has adverse effects when taken with about 400 mg of glycyrrhizin per day. But apart from individual sensitivities, it is difficult to establish a safe limit for licorice consumption.

According to the expert committee on nutritional supplements, this is equal to the consumption of 100 mg of glycyrrhizin per day, which is equivalent to 75 g of licorice candy or 70 g of root extract.

Excessive consumption of licorice can have a negative impact on our health, although in small doses, as well as when used externally, it is safe.

Watch the video: Blue Vervain Verbena hastada