The ornamental lakes have now become almost a fixed point of those who own a garden or a green space; with their beauty as well as decorating and making our garden more cheerful, they give us a sense of tranquility and well-being. On the market you can find them of all shapes and sizes, already furnished or to be furnished with the numerous and most disparate decorative elements that we can find in nurseries or specialized shops. We will have happened many times to walk and notice these beautiful bodies of water enriched with fish, aquatic plants with beautiful colors and shapes, rocks of all kinds, pumps that create beautiful water games, a show that can only do you good. to our mind and heart. Building a pond is not a very difficult undertaking, with all the decorations on sale at our disposal and with the precious advice that the experts will give us, we too will be able to create our own pond, small or large, and be proud of our creature.

Water games

A fundamental element of a pond is, of course, the water and the effects it can produce through streams, waterfalls, underwater lights which, especially in the evening, make our pond magical and enchanted. Today there are elements of this type on the market that are increasingly similar to those we find in nature, suitable for both small and large water mirrors and easy to install in order to make it possible for everyone to create splendid compositions and natural effects.

Types of pond

When we decide to buy a pond, we can choose between underground and above ground basins, fiberglass ponds that are very resistant to various weather conditions, thermoformed ponds in plastic, less resistant but cheaper, basins with water circulation, etc.

In case we want to furnish our pond with animals, for example turtles, we will also find tubs made especially for them with special spaces for food, ladders, places where they can hide that we can complete with other decorative elements such as gravel, plants or other; in this way we will create an almost natural environment where our little friends can live in peace.

Pumps and filters

Another particularly necessary element to make our pond more complete and less static is the installation of a pump, which is very important for water recirculation, to create beautiful water features but also to keep biological balance alive. To always have perfectly clean water, however, it will be necessary to apply a filter to our pond, even of these, today, on the market, there are many and for all needs.

Aquatic plants

A decorative element that cannot be missing in a pond are the aquatic plants which, with their shapes and colors, give a sense of joy and serenity. There are really various types: submerged, with a very luxuriant and wide development, they can be well cultivated together with the oxygenating ones; oxygenating, so called because they oxygenate the water and keep it clean and free of unpleasant odors, necessary if there are small animals inside the pond; floating, as the name itself implies, these aquatic plants should be placed on the edge of the water, they too have the characteristic of keeping the water clean and clear.

After talking about the different types of aquatic plants that can inhabit our pond, we will now explain their needs a little and give you some tips to keep them healthy and beautiful.

First of all, let's talk about water. Tap water can be placed in the pond but, before introducing fish or plants, it must be left to rest for a few days and it will never be changed but topped up especially in the warmer seasons.

Aquatic plants need a soil rich in clay and rich in organic substances that will be placed on the bottom in a layer at least fifteen centimeters high.

These plants will be buried about five centimeters high from the soil, first of all the swampy ones will be placed and finally the submerged and floating ones.

In this article we have tried to explain the pond, its composition, the fundamental and most decorative elements. As you may have realized, creating a pond is not particularly difficult, you just need to have a little good taste and follow the basic rules, especially with regard to aquatic plants; always remember that when you choose them, you will have to opt for the ones you prefer, but you will also have to adjust according to the space at your disposal, the environment and climate in which you find yourself and, above all, their needs. It will therefore be useful to get advice from the expert staff that you will find in nurseries and specialized shops, so you will be able to create a beautiful and unique water basin of which you will be particularly proud.

Build the garden pond, pond filter and pond

A beautiful, well-kept pond is a garden owner's pride. However, there is a lot of work in the care and maintenance of this garden landscaping. Since a garden pond is man-made, there are some important points to keep in mind.

First, the garden pond must be created correctly. Many different factors play a role here. A good and reliable filter system also ensures clean and healthy water. Complete sets for garden ponds are often expensive and do not always have the desired shape and size.

However, you have the opportunity to build your own garden pond, in addition to the pond filter and pond pump, on your own. We have compiled some links to the various building instructions for you.

Pond - garden

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Your body of water

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Excavations and tools to use

Once you have decided on the location of the pond and its depth, it is important to focus on excavating the area, unless specialists are called in. You will have to carefully choose the tools to use for your pond: the shovel and the rake.

The first is for digging deep enough, so it will need to be the right size to allow you to shovel enough dirt without straining.

The second, on the other hand, will be used to purify the ground from any natural presences, such as stones, twigs, dry leaves and everything that can affect the earth that you are going to move.

DIY Japanese Garden in a few simple steps

The design

All the elements of your garden must find a harmonious and symbolic location. We suggest you to draw the arrangement of the elements on paper, so as to have a precise picture during the realization. Remember that the elements must be in contrast with each other: a small tree must find a place next to a large one, as well as a large stone next to a small one. Remember that the pond must be simple, avoid complex constructions such as fountains. Everything must be essential and recall nature.

Lawn, paths and trees

The realization of the garden is not complicated. First, delimit the perimeter with a containment structure in wood or stone, to be filled with sand and / or gravel. Then proceed with the decoration of the Zen garden, arranging the chosen elements. Stones and rocks they can find a place at the ends of the garden, as if to depict mountains. Rake the sand and gravel with wavy lines. Dig the surface to obtain a basin on which to build the pond. Create sandy paths to reach the pond and, if space permits, you can consider building a wooden bridge. Alternate Bonsai with taller trees.

The maintenance

A Japanese garden requires little maintenance. The plants will need to be watered and pruned, while once a week it will be necessary to pass the rake over the sand to keep the lines swaying.

After completing your pond with water, the most challenging part is over. In fact, it is time to choose which plants to use.

Floating plants

They are the most classic and cannot be missing in your garden pond. The most common are the water lilies with their wide and charming leaves. Alternatively, if you prefer smaller leaves, you may decide to use the duckweed minor or theazolla carolinana.

Marsh plants

These plants are characteristic of ponds for their ability to purify and filter the pond water. Fragrant and brightly colored is thehibiscus, as well as theiris. Otherwise, more sober and less spacious are the pontederie, with their vertical flowers. In any case, there are several types, so it will be up to you to decide which one to use.

Oxygenating plants

Oxygenating plants are of fundamental importance to prevent your pond from taking on that greenish color due to algae. For example, you could use ceratophyllum demersus or dense egeria for your pond.

Video: Pond - Zond